The Orenda Hemp Regional Cluster Facility (RCF) serves as an indoor controlled cultivation environment that disrupts traditional cultivation systems. The modular design and shape of the building resembles an organism, applying biomimicry principles whereby cells work together to provide efficient use of space and utilization of resources.
The building comprises 7 CELLS, one acting as a environmental lock/transition between outdoors and indoors, and the remaining six being highly controlled environments designed for cultivation. The design applies core principles of permaculture to provide efficient use of internal resources by leveraging natural energy and site conditions to self-regulate in an integrated manner.
The RCF design features acknowledge the intensive requirements for power and heating by combining a geodesic dome that supplies uniform natural light, a solar lung that controls air temperature and pressure differentials to regulate internal conditions, and a state of the art rain water harvesting and reuse system.
The design provides for a benchmark carbon neutral facility that minimises the environmental impact throughout the entire lifecycle of the facility where “nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed” (Antoine de Lavoisier).
Biomimicry takes inspiration from nature, as an infinite resource for innovation. This project draws its shape from one of the most common bio-organisation patterns - the Hexagon - a six-sided polygon omnipresent that is also the core building block of organic chemistry.
Orenda RCF comprises 3 functional ELEMENTS and five interactive SPHERES:
The three ELEMENTS are the:
The CELLS| are the core operatoinal spaces, which are then connected by:
The INTERSTITIAL SPACES, which act as blood vessels, where supplies and services are moved around to each of the cells.
The SOLARLUNG| Allows the whole facility to breathe and regulate temperature.
The five SPHERES are the:
The ATMOSPHERE refers to the gaseous controlled environment within the Facility.
The HYDROSPHERE refers to the water contained within the Facility.
The TERRASPHERE refers to the cycle of the nutrients, soil, plants and composting.
The TECHNOSPHERE refers to the management and the distribution of services, ie, Power, Data, Water, HVAC and Waste.
The LITHOSPHERE refers to the rigid structures that form the exoskeleton and endoskeleton of the Facility that give it its physical and mechanical properties.